Vaccines for travel to India
Are you getting ready for your big trip to India? Before you head off on your great adventure it is extremely important to make sure you are well prepared and have the correct vaccinations in order. The last thing you want is to pick up something that can be easily avoided with just a few vaccine jabs.
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When entering India, the only legally required vaccination by International Regulations is the Yellow Fever vaccination and this only applies to travellers who are arriving from a country at risk of Yellow Fever. besides this, everyone travelling to India should have their routine vaccinations up-to-date. These include Measles-Mumps-Rubella(MMR), Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis (DTP), Polio, Chickenpox and the annual flu shot.
On top of these there are a few other recommended vaccinations. There may be a high risk of food and water contamination, which means there is a possibility of getting Hepatits A and Typhoid. So for those that are adventurous and enjoy trying various local street cuisines or are planning on heading out to rural areas where food might not be very well sanitised you might want to strongly consider getting these vaccinations.
Talk to your doctor about the areas in India you will be travelling to, countries you are travelling from, the length of time you will be there and the activities you plan on doing while in country. They will be able to advise you on other vaccination shots based on that information. Other shots might include malaria which come in tablet form and need to be taken before, during, and after a trip, Hepatitis B which one can contract through sexual contact, contaminated needles and blood contact.
A Japanese Encephalitis vaccination is recommended if you are staying in India for longer than 4 weeks. This is a viral disease that is transmitted through one type of mosquito that usually bites pigs or birds. If you are going to be working in areas near pigs, it is highly recommended that you get this shot at least one month before departing.
Rabies is another disease that is commonly found in dogs, bats and other animals and is most often contracted through a bite from an infected animal so a Rabies shot is recommended if you will be in contact with animals.
All of these vaccinations may financially add up quite quickly but it will save you a lot of physical and financial pain down the road should anything unplanned happen. Take time to get your vaccinations in order and schedule an appointment with your local doctor to get any other recommendations they have before you leave. Most importantly though, once your have gotten your shots, enjoy your trip!