Theories about the Egyptian Pyramids

The Great Pyramid of Giza is the last of the remaining Seven Wonders of the Ancient World left standing. Even though it has been around since 2560 BC it is still full of mystery with many theories surrounding this ancient wonder.

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So why were the pyramids built in the first place? The Great Pyramid was built for the Fourth Dynasty Pharaoh Khufu where bodies were embalmed and set in a sarcophagus. Along with bodies, it is suspected that the pyramid was full of valuable possessions that would be needed in the afterlife.

The Egyptians are the ones that built the pyramids, but Egyptologists and historians still debate as to who exactly they were. While many may think it was slaves, this does not seem to be the case according to more discoveries that show their diet and lifestyle. Some claim that there must have been between 20,000 to 30,000 laborers and there are continuing excavations around the bakeries and the workers cemetery to learn more about these workers.

How it was built is one of the largest mysteries though that surrounds the Great Pyramid. There was over 6.5 million tons of stone that was moved, but how did they do it? Engineers still haven’t agreed on the answer, but some theories include using the Nile during the rainy season to help move the large stone blocks from the quarries to the base of the pyramid.

One theory states that ramps were lined up where sleds full of stones could be pulled up them. Another theory is that the stones were carved in the quarries and lifted into their correct position. Maybe someday we will have the answers, but for now the Pyramids remain a mystery.

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