Some 15 kilometres southwest of Cairo stands the Great Pyramid of Giza, the largest pyramid ever built and a testament to the absolute power wielded by the ancient pharaohs over Egypt. Built as tombs to shelter the royalty in the afterlife, the Giza complex consists of the pyramids of Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure.
Travel by metro, bus, or taxi on your Cairo holiday to get to this popular tourist attraction. Take Metro Line 2 into Giza station from Cairo, then hop on a mini bus to get to the actual pyramids. Air-conditioned buses from the Cairo Transport Authority also travel to Giza and the pyramids from the Abdel Menem Riyad Station in Midan Tahrir, next to the Egyptian Museum. Ordinary, non-air-conditioned buses offer cheaper fare, and leave from the big central bus station to the Pyramids.
Exploring the three pyramids is not easy, but the reward of walking in the footsteps of powerful kings of one of the greatest civilizations in human history is mindboggling! Enter the Great Pyramid of Khufu, the last of the legendary Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Climb 36 metres up the narrow ascending passageway and enter the Grand Gallery. Some 46 metres up is the king’s chamber, where the now empty sarcophagus lies.
Khafre’s Pyramid is the second largest of the three ancient pyramids. It has two entrances, one on its face and another at the base, and a subsidiary chamber where offerings were believed to have been kept. The Pyramid of Menkaure is the smallest of the three, measuring 62 metres high.
Other attractions near the site are the Sphinx, where a Pyramids Sound and Light Show takes place every night; Temple of the Sphinx; the pyramids of queens; and the tombs of nobles.
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