The Kremlin: Moscow’s Grandeur Lives On

The Russian word "kremlin" means "fortified town", and doesn't do much justice to the magnificence of this walled city in Moscow. A holiday here is a feast for the eyes and a plight for the feet, with so many buildings competing for tourists’ attention. The Kremlin is filled with gold-tipped, domed structures, stark white amidst the blue of the sky. There are four palaces, four cathedrals, and 20 towers looming over thickets of trees, although the Grand Kremlin Palace reigns supreme in this UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Underneath the holy walls and frescoed interiors of the Cathedral of the Dormition, another of the edifices in the Kremlin, lie the tombs of the patriarchs of the Russian Orthodox Church. Another famous burial ground is the Kremlin Wall Necropolis, where Red Guards, scientists, and artists were entombed. Lenin's Mausoleum is where the embalmed corpse of first leader of the Russian Soviet Socialist Republic has been on display for years.

Said to lie on the very centre of Moscow, the Ivan the Great Bell Tower is shaped like a lit-up candle. In the past, the tower’s 21 bells would ring to signal the approach of an enemy. The Tsar bell, the largest in the world, is also housed here.

The Kremlin Armoury is a treasury of fine objects such as gold tableware, pearl-studded embroidery, imperial carriages, bedclothes of nobility, and Ivan the Terrible's ivory throne. Home to Russia's most prized possessions is the Russian State Diamond Fund, some of which are the 189-carat Orlov Diamond, the 260-carat sapphire Shah Diamond, and a number of Fabergé Eggs, which were used to commemorate Easter.

Prepare for splendour during a holiday in Moscow. What else is to be expected of the home of Grand Dukes, Tsars, and Presidents?

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