Boston today is famous for its baseball and basketball champs, its highly regarded universities, and its rich and colourful history. A Boston holiday isn’t complete without a trip down the Freedom Trail.
Established by English puritans in the early 1600s, Boston became the refuge of those who fled to the New World to elude religious persecution. Strained relations with Britain led to an uprising in the 1770s, leading to the Boston Massacre, and the Boston Tea Party.
There are 16 historical sites to visit during a Boston holiday, beginning at Boston Common, a 40-something-acre park where British troops camped out. The Massachusetts State House is next, a gold, domed building gleaming atop Beacon Hill. Two symbols can be found here: the Sacred Cod and a wooden pinecone, indicating the importance of fishing and logging to Boston in the 18th century.
Other spots included in the Freedom Trail are burial grounds: King's Chapel, Copp’s Hill, and the Granary, where the patriot Samuel Adams is buried. There are also two churches: Old North Church and Park Street Church.
The Old State House was the British headquarters, and the site of the reading of the Declaration of Independence. It is now a museum, as is the Paul Revere House. Fanueil Hall was where moving speeches were given in support of freedom.
Bunker Hill Monument is another must-see during a Boston holiday. Here, many British soldiers died in a clash with the local militia on June 17, 1775. Five American colonists, on the other hand, died at the Boston Massacre Site.
Landmarks such as the Ben Franklin Statue, the USS Constitution, and Charlestown Navy Yard complete a Boston holiday.