Passport for Scotland if it becomes independent
Many may be wondering what exactly happens in relation to passports if Scotland breaks away from the UK and becomes independent. While many things do not seem to be set in stone, there are a few clear facts we know about the passport situation in a potentially independent Scottish state.
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First, there are many people that will be eligible for a Scottish passport. Any UK citizen that has been habitually residing in Scotland at the time of independence will automatically be considered a Scottish citizen. This would mean having lived in Scotland for at least 10 years. UK citizens who were born in Scotland but who are not currently residing in Scotland will also be considered citizens under the birthright qualification.
After independence, people may qualify for citizenship by descent if you live abroad but have a parent or grandparent who qualifies for Scottish citizenship. Any child born in Scotland or outside Scotland with at least 1 Scottish parent will be considered citizens as well. Migrants that are lawfully residing in Scotland can apply for naturalisation. While all of these people will be eligible to apply for Scottish citizenship, it is by no means required for them to do so.
Those that hold a current UK passport and are eligible for a Scottish passport should note that it will stay valid until the expiry date after which they can apply for the Scottish one. The cost of the passport will be the same as the UK passport and will be valid for 5 years for children and 10 for adults. The look of the passport is envisioned to be quite similar to the current UK passport. It will be a burgundy red colour with the Scotland emblazoned across the front along with a national coat of arms and the now ubiquitous symbol of biometric passport underneath.
It also appears that should Scotland become independent, it will remain part of the Common Travel Area between the British Isles meaning there is no need for a passport when travelling throughout the rest of the UK or Ireland. There is also a possibility of people holding dual citizenship as Scotland is open to dual citizenship with any country but a decision on this lies with the UK government as to whether or not they will allow it.