Traveller's introduction to Africa

It's impossible to generalise about Africa. The second biggest - and second most populous - continent on the planet is incredibly diverse in terms of culture, history and climate. Here we take a look at a snapshot of Africa - the countries, major cities and highlights of the continent that travellers may wish to know when planning a trip.

The countries of Africa

Africa has 54 countries - more than any other continent. These are...

  • North Africa: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia, Western Sahara (disputed)
  • Sahel: Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Sudan
  • West Africa: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cote d'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
  • Central Africa: Angola, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, São Tomé and Príncipe, South Sudan
  • East Africa: Burundi, Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mayotte, Reunion, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda
  • Southern Africa: Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Sime major cities in Africa

The following are some of the most popular cities for travellers to Africa...

  • Accra — the capital of Ghana
  • Addis Ababa — the capital of Ethiopia
  • Cairo — the largest city in Africa
  • Cape Town — the iconic Mother City of South Africa
  • Dakar — the capital of Senegal
  • Johannesburg — South Africa's largest cit
  • Luanda — the capital of Angola
  • Marrakech — Morocco's most famous city
  • Nairobi — the capital of Kenya

Other popular travel destinations in Africa

  • Aksum
  • Dogon Country
  • Kruger National Park
  • Leptis Magna
  • Mount Kilimanjaro
  • Serengeti National Park
  • Maasai Mara National Reserve
  • Valley of the Kings
  • Victoria Falls
  • Volcanoes National Park

Recommended highlights in Africa

  • Trekking to see mountain gorillas in Uganda and Rwanda
  • Spotting the Big Five on a game drive in Eastern Africa
  • Enjoying the gourmet delights and locally produce wine near Cape Town
  • Marvelling at the wonders of ancient Egypt with a visit to the Valley of the Kings

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